Accessible Toilet

All public facilities and new public mobile or fixed toilets installed in parks, gardens,
squares, streets, exhibitions, fairs, concerts, and in outdoor public spaces and buildings
for public use shall have at least one accessible toilet for each gender and in every bank of toilets, or 1 toilets for male and females within a 150 meters distance from any part of the building.

If only one toilet for each gender is provided, then it must be accessible. Accessible toilets shall fulfil the following requirements:

1. The door should have a clear width of 900 mm and comply with Doors section of the UAE Universal Design Code.
2. Furniture shall have a reflectance contrast with the walls of at least 30 points LRV (Light Reflectance Value).
3. Every cabin door shall be provided with a latch operable with the elbow installed
between 900 and 1200 mm and a coat hanger installed between 1100 and 1200 mm.
4. Each toilet block for both genders shall include a baby changing table duly marked.

Urinals
At least one accessible urinal shall be provided wherever urinals are located.
Urinals that reach the floor and therefore are designed for all male heights are
preferred. The bottom lip should be at a maximum height of 300 mm.

Grab bars shall be provided on both sides of the urinal mounted vertically with the
centreline at 1000 mm high and 380 – 450 mm from the centreline of the urinal.
Where privacy screens are provided there should be a clearance of 920 mm.

Floor surfaces
Public toilet shall have non-slippery floor surfaces.

Pendulum Test Value (PTV) must be greater than 45. Pendulum technique must consider both shoed and barefoot users.

Sinks
Sinks shall meet the following requirements:

1. Sinks shall not be the pedestal type and shall have clear knee space below.
Dimensions of this clearance space are minimum 700 mm high and 250 mm deep, from the faucet to the edge. The usable surface height shall be between 800 mm and 850 mm.
2. When sinks are in a row at least one shall be possible to use with all the
accessories.
3. Faucets shall be operated by pressure with a lever handle or with a sensor. Turning or pressure systems that require great effort to be operated are not allowed.
4. The distance from the sink edge to the faucet shall be less than 600 mm and its
height from the floor shall be between 900 mm and 1200 mm. The lower edge of the
mirror shall be mounted at a 900 mm height or less.
5. The pipes under the sink should be recessed.

Controls and accessories
All controls and accessories shall meet the following requirements:

1. Flushing systems are operated by pressure or with a flush handle. Controls shall have a large surface and are operable with only one hand or elbow.
2. Controls and accessories such as soap dispensers or dryers among others, shall be mounted at a height between 700 mm and 1200 mm.

Accessible toilet stalls
Accessible toilet stalls can be located both inside the toilet blocks provided for each
gender or outside the blocks. Family toilets should be located outside of the block of
toilets.

Accessible toilets shall fulfil the following requirements:

1. There is a lateral interaction area on both sides of the toilet and beside the shower if
one is provided. The requirement of lateral transfer space on both sides of the toilet
in accessible restrooms can be substituted by only one if in the same block there are
symmetrical units.
2. Shall provide grab bars as describe in accessible grabrails section
3. A changing table shall be provided in all accessible toilet rooms.

Toilet Doors
Doors must meet the following requirements:

1. Fulfil the door criteria set out in doors section.
2. Open outwards or be sliding.
3. A horizontal handle bar with a length of 300 mm shall be placed at a height between 900 mm and 1000 mm at 300 mm from the hinge side on the inside of the door and by the latch side on the outside of the door.

4. It shall be possible to use the door latch with an elbow.
5. It shall include a coat hanger installed between 1100 mm and 1200 mm.

Number of Accessible Toilets

Use of the Building,
establishment or area
Minimum Number of Toilets
Any public use1 Accessible toilets for each gender should be
provided in every floor being at least 10% of the
total number of toilets in every block or 1
independent accessible toilet for both genders
1 accessible toilet within a 150 meters distance
from any part of the building
SPat1
SPat1

SPat1

One accessible toilet for each gender in every floor or 1 independent accessible toilet for both genders

SPat2

SPat2

One accessible toilet within a 150m distance from any part of the building

Minimum dimensional parameters for accessible toilets

Minimum dimensions for accessible toilets
Dimensions of circulation spaces
Corridor widths in toilets, showers, lockers spaces, etc.1200 mm
Manoeuvring turning space diameter1500 mm
Accessible toilets and cubicles conditions
Manoeuvring space diameter between 0 and 700 mm height
free of obstacles
1500 mm
Lateral interaction spaceOn both sides
SPat3
SPat4

SPat3

Corridors width in toilets, showers, lockers spaces of 1200mm

SPat4
Manoeuvring turning space diameter of 1500mm in circulations

SPat5
SPat6

SPat5

Manoeuvring space diameter of 1500mm inside the toilet

SPat6
Manoeuvring space height between 0 to 700mm free of obstacles

SPat7
SPat8

SPat7

Lateral interaction space on both sides of the toilet or on one side if symmetrical units

SPat8
Lateral interaction space size 865mm x 1420mm

SPat9
SPat10
SPat11
SPat12

SPat9

Door open outwards or sliding

SPat10
Door with horizontal 300mm grab bar placed between 900 – 1000mm height at 300mm from the hinge side

SPat11

Latch operable with the elbow installed between 900 – 1200mm

SPat12
Coat hanger between 1100 – 1200mm

Glossary of Terms

Tactile pavements are textured surfaces with contrasted colour that are perceptible and identifiable by feel or cane or residual functional vision that warns or informs people with visual disabilities.

Truncated domes in a grid pattern to provide a tactile surface under feet of blind users. They are used as a used as a warning of upcoming level changes or obstacles on the course of travel.

Flat topped elongated bars in the paving surface under feet of blind people. They are used as a directional sign to assist the independent mobility of people with visual disabilities.

Pendulum test value (PTV) is a measurement of the slip resistance of a floor surface, either an external or internal floor of a building. The least slip resistance a surface material is, the more likely people may skid or trip, especially in wet conditions. In average circumstances, slip-resistance is as follows:

0-18 = very low slip-resistance.

18-25 = moderate slip-resistance.

25-36 = good slip resistance.

Light Reflectance Value (LRV) is a numeric scale that is used to identify how much light a colour reflects or absorbs. It is used in universal design to identify the contrast between two colours. This can help to determine if there is sufficient contrast to visually identify a feature such as a fonts on a sign, elevator call button, a handrail and other items which need to be seen by visually impaired people.

Tools and Templates

Accessible Toilets
Accessible Rooms

Relevant Guidance

Full Guidance