Elevators placed in public areas must be accessible from the ground floor.


An elevator, lift or platform should be provided in every building with more than one floor.

 

The requirements to be fulfilled by an accessible elevator are:

 

1. The dimensions should be appropriate for the intended number of users and in all
instances equal to or bigger than the specified minimum dimensions of the cabin.
2. Depending on the number and position of the doors, dimensions are shown in the
table.

3. The elevator doors of the floor and the cabin must be automatic, have a minimum width of 900 mm, minimum height of 2000 mm, and present colour contrast against the walls.
4. In front of the elevator access door and in front of the hall call button there should be a minimum clear manoeuvring space of 1500 mm x 1500 mm.
5. Elevator call buttons shall be located at a height between 900 mm and 1200 mm.
6. Floor indicators shall be located at a height of 1830 mm.
7. A mirror shall be placed inside the elevator on the wall opposite to the door, from the handrail height upward, covering the full back panel.
8. At least two handrails shall be placed at a height of 900 mm ± 100 mm from the
floor.

9. Braille and tactile signage shall be provided on the door jamb at a height of 1500 mm.
10.Audible signals shall sound when each floor is reached or an audible voice announcement.

11.Buttons shall be located at a height between 900 mm and 1200 mm. They shall
present high-embossed European numerals. Braille numerals shall be located on the left lower side of each button.
12.For elevators serving a large number of floors, a keypad shall be installed at a maximum height of 1200 mm to ensure that all floors can be called.
13.The button to reach the exit floor (usually ground floor) shall be raised at least 3 mm
from the other buttons and be circled with a green line at least 2 mm wide.
14.Call buttons in each floor can contain icons instead of digits in tactile and colour contrasted against the background.
15.Buttons shall always provide a two-channel feedback when pressed: visual and acoustic or visual and tactile. Touch buttons and touch screens are not permitted.

16.It must have a sign (graphic and tactile) indicating the phone number of the alarm
centre and the appropriate number to report an emergency.
17.To allow deaf users to communicate in an emergency the installation company must guarantee one of the following options:
• A CCTV Intercom.
• A means of sending and receiving emergency SMS from inside the cab by maintaining the necessary network coverage or through an alternative system.
18.Lights should be installed only on the ceiling to provide a uniform illumination of a minimum of 100 lux.
19.In panoramic elevators a full height opaque wall or corner section of 800 mm wide shall be provided.
20.Doors shall open automatically and shall remain opened at least 3 seconds.
21.If there is a user in the doorway, the door shall automatically reopen and shall not
produce a force greater than 135 N. Sensors should be at two levels to ensure that it
detects lower items.
22.Whenever there are various options of vertical circulation there shall be a sign
indicating the direction to the accessible elevator.

Dimensions of cabin (wide x deep)

 MinimumRecommended
One door cabin1200 mm x 1500 mm1500 mm x 1500 mm
Cabin with two opposing doors1200 mm x 1500 mm1500 mm x 1500 mm
Cabin with two doors in 90° angle1500 mm x 1500 mm2000 mm x 2000 mm
LCE1
LCE2

LCE1

Present in buildings with more than one floor

LCE2

Accessible from ground foor in public areas

 

LCE4

LCE4

Automatic doors with a width of 900 mm and colour contrast against walls

LCE3
LCE3
LCE3

LCE3

Dimensions shall comply: One door ≥1200 x 1500mm – Two opposing doors ≥1200 x 1500mm
– Two doors in 90° ≥1500 x 1500mm

LCE5

LCE5

Maneuvering space of 1500 x 1500mm in front the elevator access

LCE6
LCE7
LCE7
LCE10

LCE6

Elevator calling buttons height between 900 – 1200mm

LCE7

Floor indicator located at 1830mm

LCE10

Inside the cabin buttons height between 900 – 1200mm

LCE8
LCE9

LCE8

Only one mirror inside the cabin on the wall opposite to the door over the handrail level

LCE9

Inside the cabin, minimum two handrails at a height of 800 mm to 1000mm from the foor

LCE11
LCE12
LCE13
LCE14

LCE11

The ground floor button protruded ≥3mm distinguished with a green color

LCE12

Call buttons distinguished with icons and color contrast against background

LCE13

Buttons provide two-channel feedback/ visual & acoustic OR visual & tactile

LCE14

Emergency phone number is indicated by graphic and tactile

LCE15
LCE15

LCE15

CCTV or intercom or alternative system

LCE16

LCE16

Light on the ceiling only with 100 lux

LCE17

LCE17

In panoramic elevators, an opaque wall or corner is provided

LCE19
LCE19
LCE18
LCE20
LCE22

LCE18

Automatic doors open at least 3 seconds

LCE19

Doors provided with sensors at two levels open automatically

LCE20

Door force less than 135N

LC22

Braille & tactile signage on the door jamb at 1500mm height

LCE21
LCE21

LCE21

Indication sign of accessible elevator direction when various options of vertical circulation

LCE23
LCE24

LCE23

Audible signal or voice announcement when reaching each floor

LCE24

Advisory signs indicating safety procedures and other regulatory information

Glossary of Terms

An elevator or lift is a mechanical platform or compartment housed in a shaft for raising and lowering people or things to different levels

Flat topped elongated bars in the paving surface under feet of blind people. They are used as a directional sign to assist the independent mobility of people with visual disabilities.

The cabin is the internal compartment of the elevator which carries people from floor to floor in a building via a vertical shaft.

The call buttons are situated outside the elevator and close to the doors, allowing users to request the elevator to stop at their floor and allow them to enter.

These are visual or digital indicators that a floor has been reached. They are often provided alongside a verbal audible announcement that a floor has been reached.

Braille is a system of reading and writing by touch used by the blind. It consists of arrangements of dots which make up letters of the alphabet, numbers, and punctuation marks

Panoramic elevators have completely or partial transparent walls and are normally installed on the outside or on the inside of malls, offices or luxury buildings, enabling passengers to see the surroundings or communal areas, even when the car is in motion.

LUX is a unit of illumination equal to the direct illumination on a surface that is everywhere one meter from a uniform point source of one. It is used in universal design to determine if an area is adequately lit by natural daylight or artificial lighting so people with poor vision are able to navigate a space safely.

Pendulum test value (PTV) is a measurement of the slip resistance of a floor surface, either an external or internal floor of a building. The least slip resistance a surface material is, the more likely people may skid or trip, especially in wet conditions. In average circumstances, slip-resistance is as follows:

0-18 = very low slip-resistance.

18-25 = moderate slip-resistance.

25-36 = good slip resistance.

Light Reflectance Value (LRV) is a numeric scale that is used to identify how much light a colour reflects or absorbs. It is used in universal design to identify the contrast between two colours. This can help to determine if there is sufficient contrast to visually identify a feature such as a fonts on a sign, elevator call button, a handrail and other items which need to be seen by visually impaired people.

Tactile pavements are textured surfaces with contrasted colour that are perceptible and identifiable by feel or cane or residual functional vision that warns or informs people with visual disabilities.

A strong bar, fence, railing, balustrade or glass constructed as part of building along side a drop or something steep, such as slopes, stairs, balcony edges, external paths or terraces. They are suitably strong to prevent people from tripping or falling off causing harm.

Kilonewtons (kN/m), is the measurement of pressure or force. In universal design, we use kN/m to measure the pressure resistance of floors, the force needed to open doors or the force used against guardrails.

Tools and Templates

Changing Levels
Entrance Lobbies

Relevant Guidance