Doors connected to accessible paths must meet the following requirements:
1. Automatic doors are preferred for public building entrances and high pedestrian
2. Doors should have a free passage width of minimum 900 mm. This free passage
must be measured between the face of the door and the face of the doorstop with
the door open at 90°.
3. Opening and closing mechanisms shall be placed between 900 mm and 1200 mm in height and shall be easy to grasp and use. Pressure mechanisms or levers shall be easy to operate with the elbow or be automatic.
4. If lever systems are provided, they must be separated from the door body by at least 40 mm.
5. Round knobs are not allowed.
6. For sliding doors, a vertical fixed bar shall be provided to open the door.
7. The opening space of a door shall not invade the manoeuvring spaces and the
8. Doors shall be level.
9. The force required to open a door shall be a maximum of 25 N.
10.A swinging doors leaf shall be able to open at 90 °.
11.Doorstoppers shall be provided to prevent the door from hitting and damaging the wall.
12.Where there are two or more door leaves at least one of the leaves of the door must
be able to be considered an accessible door according to the above specifications.
13. In high use areas kick plates of at least 250 mm high are recommended.
14.If there is a revolving door, an alternative door shall be provided.
Manoeuvring spaces at doors
One-way swinging doors shall have a manoeuvring clear space on both sides.
The dimensions of these spaces shall fulfil the following requirements:
1. On the pull side, a minimum space of 600 mm adjacent to the leading edge of the door with a minimum clear floor space of 1500 mm x 1500 mm shall be provided.
2. On the push side, a minimum space of 300 mm adjacent to the leading edge of the door with a minimum clear floor space of 1200 mm x 1200 mm shall be provided.
3. In sliding doors, a minimum space of 300 mm adjacent to the leading edge of the
door with a minimum clear floor space of 1200 mm x 1200 mm in both sides shall be provided.
4. Clear floor space shall not be obstructed by other swinging doors and they shall be free of obstacles.
A motion detector or a floor-pad sensor and one that is manually activated by pushing a control can automatically activate power-assisted doors.
Automatic doors are preferable, being sliding doors they are most convenient to use and do not require guardrails for door-swing protection.
Power-assisted swinging doors shall:
• Take 3 s or more to move from a closed to a fully open position;
• Remain fully open for a minimum of 5 s;
• Require a force of not more than 66 N to stop door movement.
Have a free passage width ≥900mm
900-1200mm handle of opening mechanism height and operable by elbow or automatic
40mm free gap minimum between lever (handle) and the door surface
No round knobs
Sliding doors with vertical fixed opening bars
Force to open the door ≤25N
Swinging door open 90°
Door stoppers provided
250mm height kick plate provided to doors in high use areas
Alternative door provided when there is a revolving door
Dimensions of maneuvering spaces / one way swinging door comply:
On pull side – 600mm space adjacent to the leading edge and 1500 x 1500mm space
On push side – 300mm space adjacent to the leading edge and 1200 x 1200mm space
Dimensions of manoeuvring spaces comply:
Sliding doors – 300mm space adjacent to the leading edge and 1200 x 1200mm space
Glossary of Terms
Tactile pavements are textured surfaces with contrasted colour that are perceptible and identifiable by feel or cane or residual functional vision that warns or informs people with visual disabilities.
The free passage of a door is the width of the opening of the doorway, measured from the width of door to door frame when door is fully opened.
These are clear and level spaces in front of and behind a door where wheelchair users or slow moving users are able to manoeuvre themselves whilst opening door or letting another person pass.
Flat topped elongated bars in the paving surface under feet of blind people. They are used as a directional sign to assist the independent mobility of people with visual disabilities.
Pendulum test value (PTV) is a measurement of the slip resistance of a floor surface, either an external or internal floor of a building. The least slip resistance a surface material is, the more likely people may skid or trip, especially in wet conditions. In average circumstances, slip-resistance is as follows:
0-18 = very low slip-resistance.
18-25 = moderate slip-resistance.
25-36 = good slip resistance.
Light Reflectance Value (LRV) is a numeric scale that is used to identify how much light a colour reflects or absorbs. It is used in universal design to identify the contrast between two colours. This can help to determine if there is sufficient contrast to visually identify a feature such as a fonts on a sign, elevator call button, a handrail and other items which need to be seen by visually impaired people.
The interaction space is the space required by a person to interact with another person, furniture, appliance, machine or another element.