Car Park Building Entrance

Clear and Level Space in Front of Car Park Entrance Doors

Clear Space in Front of Doors

  • A clear manoeuvring space should be provided to allow people in wheelchairs to reverse or adjust position when opening doors. It will also assist slow moving people or other physical disability adjust their position when passing other people.
  • Clear space should be minimum 1500mm x 1500mm.

Clear Space when Swing Doors Opened

  • Clear floor space should not be obstructed by other swinging doors.
  • One way swinging doors should have a manoeuvring space on both sides as per the below dimension guidelines.
  • Clear space should be minimum 1500mm x 1500mm.

Level Gradient at Entrance

  • Areas in front of entrance should be level when possible.
  • Areas in front of entrance doors should be clear, firm and free of obstacles.
  • The maximum gradient should be 2% cross fall and 5% towards the entrance.

Door Types

Automatic Sliding Doors

  • Automatic sliding doors can be very accessible as can be used adjacent to accessible paths without guard rails.
  • Fully automatic sliding doors, activated by a presence and motion detector that opens door when people approach entrance are the preferred door type for all publicly accessible buildings. 
  • Automatic doors should open early enough to ensure person approaching is aware. The sensor should ensure door is fully open when person is no closer than 1400mm away.
  • Automatic doors should stay open long enough to allow safe entry and exit, especially important for slow moving people such as the elderly.

Manual Swing Doors

  • Manual swing doors should not be used as only means of entry at a main entrance.
  • Manual swing doors are not recommended for external entrances due to the force needed to open up in strong winds.
  • If required, main entrance or external doors should be double leaf swing doors.

Revolving Doors

  • Revolving doors are not considered accessible. Where used, there must be alternative entrance closely located.
  • If revolving doors are used they should be operated by automatic sensor.
  • Large revolving doors where the clear width is compliant with regulations and the revolution time is slow may be accepted.

Manual Power Assisted Doors

  • Where automatic motion is not possible or security needs require controlled access, a manually operated system can be used. Controls may be push pad, code number pad, swipe card, fob, etc.

Automatic Power Assisted Doors

  • Where automatic sliding doors are not used, an alternative is automatic swing doors operated by a button close to the door.
  • The direction of the door swing should be configured to maximise the usability of a space and limit hazards to other pedestrians
  • The opening motion and protection of swing doors needs to be considered.
  • If doors open outwards into accessible paths or manoeuvring spaces, then  guardrails are required to alert people.

Location of Operation Pad

  • The panel should be mounted on wall or post and set back 1400mm from the leading edge of opening door.
  • Key pad should be large and easy to operate with tactile identification.

Clear Door Opening Widths

Swing Door Width

  • Swing doors should have a clear opening width of at least 900mm.
  • The width is measured when doors are fully swung open.

Sliding Door Width

  • Sliding doors should have a clear opening width of at least 900mm.
  • The width is measured when doors are fully opened.

Revolving Door Width

  • Revolving doors should only be used when a clear opening width of 900mm can be maintained for time it takes someone to enter door safely.

Double Door Arrangement

Double Doors

  • Design features such as double door air lock should be considered for climate control without need for revolving doors.

Space Between Double Swing Doors

  • When two swing doors are installed in a linear series, they have a minimum space of 1200mm between the two doors when swing door is in fully open position.
  • Clear floor space should not be obstructed
    by other swinging doors.
  • One way swinging doors should have a manoeuvring space on both sides

Space Between Double Sliding Doors

  • When two sliding doors are installed in a linear series, they have a minimum space of 1200mm between the two doors .

Glass Frontage

Colour Contrast Door and Frame

  • Colour and materials of building entrances should contrast with background.

Markings on Glass Frontages

  • There should be easily seen strips or markings at eye height on any glazed doors and entrance facades.

Door Frames on Glass Frontages

  • When using large glass facades, it is necessary to make the opening sliding door very clear.
  • Consider the use of a door frame that is colour contrasting to the glass pane.

Guardrails on Swing Doors

Colour Contrast Door and Frame

  • Guardrails are needed to protect people when swing door opens.
  • The extension of guardrail beyond door when opened should be minimum 300mm.
  • Height of lower rail should be maximum 680mm

Door Thresholds

Entrance Door Threshold

  • Thresholds to doors should not exceed 13mm.
  • The external surfaces and internal finished floor levels should be exactly flush with each other whenever possible. Any changes in level, no matter how small may cause trip hazard or problems for wheelchair users.
  • Where there is any slight unavoidable difference between the external area and internal floor finishes, the design of thresholds must create a smooth and gentle sloping transition between both spaces.
  • Where a slight level change is needed for weather protection or difference in floor heights of adjoining rooms, the maximum level change is 15mm. Where provided, any upstand of more than 5mm is to be chamfered or pencil rounded.